The city of occupied Famagusta: before the Turkish invasion in 1974, the occupied city of Famagusta was the principal port of Cyprus and one of the island’s two major tourist resorts. The city is located in the Famagusta Bay on the east coast and is today a gost city. The city was founded in 300 B.C. on the ruins of the settlement of Arsenoe (it was named after Arsenoe II of Egypt). The Greek name of the city is Ammochostos, meaning hidden in the sand. Famagusta’s major landmarks are the Venetian walls and the archaeological sites of Ancient Salamis and Ancient Engomi.
The Natural Park of Cavo Greco is an incredible area of natural beauty which one should not miss. The park is located in the southern part of the Famagusta District that has not been occupied by the Turkish forces in 1974. The area is known to the locals as the area of ‘Kokkinochoria’ (red villages) due to the red colour of the earth in the area; the trade mark of the area is hundreds of windmills. Other interesting sites in the district of Famagusta for those who want to get away from the popular, but busy Agia Napa and Protaras resorts, are the Folk Museum in Dheryneia and the Cultural Centre of Occupied Famagusta that is next to the Attila occupation line, from where one can see the ghost city of Famagusta; the Church of Agia Anna in Paralimni; and the Koutras House Ethnographical Museum in Augorou.
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The city of occupied Kyrenia: the occupied city of Kyrenia in the north coast of the island, the smallest of Cyprus’s cities and the island’s jewel, was a major tourist resort. Κyrenia was the first city to suffer the brutality of the invasion of the Attila forces in 1974. Findings from excavations in the area date the settlement back to the Neolithic period 5800-3000 B.C. The city was built by Cepheus from Arcadia and it was named after the town of Kyrenia which is located in present day Aigio in Peloponnesus. Kyrenia’s major landmark is the Medieval Castle which houses the Kyrenia Shipwreck, the oldest known trading ship, found a mile of the coast of Kyrenia.